A complex but important topic is to determine the correct size of a diffuse incident light with camera cut-out for image processing. The test piece and the inspection task must always be taken into account!
Most toplights are designed too small:
Luminous area = measuring area
Unfortunately, this does not work.
If the surface emits diffuse and uniform light, the measuring surface of the same size is not illuminated in a diffuse and uniform manner!
It is necessary to consider the light incident or reflected by the test object and not the light emitted by the luminaire. Especially with reflecting objects, it is important that the luminous area is at least twice as large as the measuring area.
This is due to the fact that the camera only sees the reflection of the luminaire in the test object. The camera angle always yields twice the size, no matter how large the camera distance is.
In the case of slightly shiny or matt test objects, the luminaire can be reduced in size by supplementing the missing reflection by the luminaire with white matt side panels. The luminaire unit must also be slightly larger than the measuring surface, otherwise there will be no more reflection in the edge area. This saves costs and reduces space requirements. At the same time, extraneous light is sealed off, which could otherwise falsify the measurement.